IRONY

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QUESTION: What is Irony?
ANSWER: Irony is a device by which a writer expresses a meaning contradictory to the stated or ostensible one. There are many techniques for achieving irony.
Example: [1] When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept
                       Ambition should be made of sterner stuff;
                       Yet Brutus says he was ambition,
                       And Brutus is an honourable man. 
                       [Shakespeare: Julius Caesar]
                 [2] Hamlet: So long? ….. O heavens! die two
                                     Months ago and not forgotten yet? Then
                                     There's hope a great man's memory
                                     may outlive his life half a year.
                                     [Shakespeare: Hamlet]




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