INTRODUCTION: Bacon, the father of English essay, is the first great English essayist who enjoys a glorious reputation. He remains for the sheer mass and weight of genius. His essays introduce a new form of composition into English literature.

  THREE EDIIONS OF BACON'S ESSAYS: Bacon sponsored this new literary form in English with the publication of his ten essays in 1597. It grew to thirty-eight in the edition of 1612. The number reached fifty-eight in the final issue of 1625. These essays are the results of his direct observations of men and matters.

  DISPERSED MEDITATIONS: Bacon charged his essays with the serious spirit and stately manners of Seneca. For him his essays were dispersed meditations and receptacle for detached thoughts. He is practical under the influence of Machiavelli. Utilitarianism is obvious in his essays. He shrewdly instructs how to lead a successful life. That's why his essays are called counsels civil and moral.

  BACON AND MONTAIGNE: Bacon borrowed the form of essay from Montaigne, the French essayist. Bacon and Montaigne share the form of essay but not its spirit. Montaigne is personal, familiar and prolific. But Bacon is formal, curt and impersonal. Montaigne appeals to the heart but Bacon to the head. Thus these two great essayists present a very sharp and interesting contrast.

  IMPERSONAL AND OBJECTIVE: Bacon's essays are capsules of impersonal wisdom. They may not give immediate pleasure but give lasting guidance. They are objective and logically constructed. Thus as an essayist Bacon is not friendly, confidential, intimate and familiar with the reader. His essays are for the most part detached and impersonal. This conclusion demands reconsideration. In fact, Bacon's essays bear a close imprint of his personality, though he is not disposed to unbend himself in his works. On this basis Pope's following statement is appreciated:

                                  If parts allure thee, think, how Bacon shined,
                                   The wisest, the brightest and the meanest of mankind.

  WIDE RANGE OF TOPICS: Bacon wrote on a wide range of topics. He passes from religion and empire to gardens and buildings. In Montaigne and Lamb, the subject is unimportant but in Bacon subject always is important. He may be unsystematic in his treatment but he never wanders beyond his bounds. He surpassed all his contemporaries in the capacity to utter pregnant thoughts on almost any theme.

THEMES OF BACON'S ESSAYS: The themes of Bacon's essays are various. They range from Goodness to Gardens and from Envy to Masques and Triumphs. The essay 'Of Studies' is about books and reading. Here Bacon explains reasons and purpose of study. At the same time he suggests the modes of selecting the books and manner of study. In 'Of Truth' he says that some men do not care for truth. He mentions its reasons also.

BACON'S STYLE: Bacon employed a unique style. This is important for lucidity, clarity, economy, precision, directness, masculinity and mathematical plainness. His essays seem like a collection of short and pithy maxims with tremendous compression. Each sentence can convey a deep and concentrated meaning. Due to this, Bacon's style is called aphoristic. Bacon considered this style suitable for the spirit of enquiry.

      In his early essays the sentences are short, crisp and sententious. There are few connectives. Though there is no continuity, there is a strong sense of rapid movement. As Bacon's essays are argumentative in nature, his style becomes antithetical. With an impartial air, he balances the opposing arguments. There are number of quotations and allusions in his essays.

        Bacon's style changed in the later editions. It became more elaborate. Connectives were used frequently and the style became less formal. His images and figures of speech are simple. They clearly state the ideas. Flexibility, wit and fun are also some important features of his style.

      In short, Bacon is a very great essayist. To English literature his essays are priceless acquisitions. Legouis has rightly remarked' These essays are the classics of English prose'.  


  1. Very nicely written blog...Relly loved reading it...Please check my blogs for
    Guwahati Escorts
    Guwahati Escorts
    Guwahati Escorts
    Guwahati Escorts

  2. I really loved your post so much that I cant resist writing comment...Please check mine as well
    Call girl services in Bhubaneswar
    Bhubaneswar escorts

  3. The article was up to the point and described the information very effectively. Thanks to blog author for wonderful and informative post.
    Assignment Writing Service

  4. I really want to thank the author for such a nice blog that helped me to understand why it is important. Dissertation help

  5. This blog is really helpful to deliver updated affairs over internet which is really appraisable.
      Transits Blog

  6. Do you want a practice exam for the citizenship test in Canada? Then you can go to the website of Practice Test Geeks. Since they provide free online Canadian citizenship quiz. They also give preparation exams for the Australian citizenship examination.

  7. Reddit homework help Very efficiently written information. It will be beneficial to anybody who utilizes it, including me. Keep up the good work. For sure i will check out more posts. This site seems to get a good amount of visitors.

  8. I have read all the comments and suggestions posted by the visitors for this article are very fine,We will wait for your next article so only.Thanks! Homework Market

  9. The best essay writing service yahoo answers I am impressed. I don't think Ive met anyone who knows as much about this subject as you do. You are truly well informed and very intelligent. You wrote something that people could understand and made the subject intriguing for everyone. Really, great blog you have got here.

  10. Pay for essay reddit You made such an interesting piece to read, giving every subject enlightenment for us to gain knowledge. Thanks for sharing the such information with us to read this...

  11. Do you want to take a real estate test for a real estate license? Then real estate practice test for real estate license will be very useful for you. Our practice test will help you to pass this test easily.


Post a Comment

Popular Posts

The Cherry Tree - Ruskin Bond

The Axe - R.K.Narayan